When Hitler attacked the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, Finland knew the Soviet Union would strike because Soviet diplomats had said on several occasions that in the event of war with Germany, the Soviet Union would immediately launch an offensive against Finland. After the unprovoked attack and seizure of Karelia by the Soviets, Finland had no illusions about the future aims of Stalin. For this reason, Finland allowed German troops on its soil, which made it difficult to claim neutrality. The Finnish government prepared a declaration of neutrality, but on June 22 and June 25, 1941 the Soviet Air Force dropped bombs on a number of towns in Southern Finland. On June 25, the Finnish parliament declared that a state of war existed between Finland and the Soviet Union. The new war was called "Continuation War" by the Finns because Soviet Union broke the treaty of March, 1940, and continued the Winter War. Finland found herself alone again, and on the wrong side of the war. Hitler offered supplies, which Finland found hard to refuse under the circumstances. But the alliance was informal and Finland did not cooperate any more than necessary, and certainly not in turning over Jews to him as requested. The Finns knew what genocide was from experience, and wanted no part of it. In 1941 the Russians had the advantage of territorial gains of 1940. Now they wanted it back. Under International Law, since Russia attacked Finland on November 30, 1939, Karelia is occupied territory and Russia had no right to hold onto it. Finns were and still are the rightful owners of this land which was 1/10 of Finland.

        The Finns were not Nazis contrary to Churchill's accusations in which he called Finland "Nazi ridden." Yes, volunteers fighting a common cause joined Hitler SS to the great shame of the Finnish people, but Finland itself was not under any Nazi government. Finns had enough on their plate just staying free.

        Russians love to legitimize their war booty of Karelia by claiming they "liberated" it from "Nazis." If this is true, why did they keep Karelia and not turn it over back to the karelian people? Russians never cease to amaze this writer, as one Pole said "Russians can deny the nose on their face." Finns try not to hold any grudges, but we tend to be cautious when dealing with our neighbor. When Russia attacked in 1939, it was "Fascist" if using the same criteria they used in 1941. The Finnish Movie "Unknown Soldier" is about the Finns taking back what is theirs. The writer's father, had been a radio operator in the Winter War, was now on Lake Ladoga mopping up Russian held islands, and rose to the rank of sergeant. Antti was familiar with his Karelia province and was a good fisherman, but refused to hunt animals. The movie is about his Winter War regiment.

        Finland did what it could to let food supplies through to Leningrad, refusing German requests to do otherwise. Most of the nuisance was caused by Hitler's submarines in the North Sea. Field Marshal Mannerheim himself said he did not want the blood of the Leningrad people on his hands.

        Unlike Russia, Finland would not sign a formal alliance with Hitler, but was only a co-belligerent fighting to regain Karelia, which has special significance to the Finnish people, their identity. By attacking Finland, Stalin gave Hitler the confidence he needed to bring Barbarossa onto the Russian people, and forced Finland and any other country fighting Communism to fight with the Germans.

        Finland had a Social Democratic government since just after WW1 with no interest in fascism whatsoever. Of course there were fascists in Finland as in other countries, but the Finns themselves and their leaders were not. If Finland was a fascist sympathizer, (as were the Soviets in 1939) then Churchill and Roosevelt, who began a campaign of demonizing the Finns, must have been Communist sympathizers. It was a totally false accusation. Finland had a "Level Swastika" as a symbol before Hitler and it was in no way connected with Hitler's Fascist regime.

        After Poland was betrayed by Britain, every meeting by the Allies with Stalin produced yet another betrayal of Eastern Europe and Finland. Many troubling questions about the Allies' assumptions and motivations remain. Both Hitler and Stalin being just as bad, can Churchill claim to be more holy than Mannerheim? Did Churchill say Finland was fighting for freedom and justice? Absolutely not! Were not both men fighting evil regimes? Was Churchill himself helping Stalin with his evil deeds? Did Churchill's support of forced return of citizens of Soviet Union actually condemn them to death? There is a lot of evidence to implicate the Allies in joint collaboration in these activities and many excuses have been offered to justify them, or they were unmentionable events. Investigative journalism by the press largely ignored these evils, to their shame, as they did Stalin's murdering purges, but there are a few journalists/writers like this one,who will not let these facts die. So perhaps Stalin had converted his two friends to his way of thinking. Perhaps they thought that some form of Socialism was a good thing, and Stalin was on the right track. Obviously they thought that these concepts were opposite of what Finland stood for. Who was in the right? Who had the moral high ground? "Finland, Rumania, Hungary and others of the Nazi ridden or Fascist ridden States."

        Finnish treatment of Russian POW's
        Finnish advance to East Karelia, the ancient ethnic home of Finnish/Karelian people. Including the writer's ancestors.
        The end comes, 1944

      Final Days of the War 1944 - shows Finnish delaying tactics. (Finnish)
      Finns retreat in the Lake Ladoga sector.

      In 1944, Finland made peace with the Soviet Union and the Allies, and chased German troops, that burned and destroyed Finnish property in their retreat, to their bases in Norway. This was called the Lapland War. The tragedy of this whole thing is that if the Allies had forced Russia to reinstate the borders of 1939, Finland might have fought with the Allies. Instead they forced Finland to accept aid from Germany, and allowed Russia to retain its gains of 1939. 1944 and 1945 were the years of betrayal of Finland and Eastern Europe. The writer's parents, a newly wed couple, had to abandon their homes and run for their lives in 1944. Now Russians are living in what were Finnish homes, and working in what were Finnish factories, and owning what were lovely and prosperous Finnish farms thanks to the massive aid provided by the allies. This must be reversed if the west claims to be for justice. Today the Russian government vehemently opposes Jewish occupation of Arab lands. Would these justice loving people like to return the land they took from the Finns? Absolutely not because they were conquering while pretending to defend themselves.
      Lend Lease Weapons sent from the US to the Soviet Union

      Finnish Air Defenses

      Finnish Brewster 239 "Buffalo"

      Finnish Air Force in Action

      Finnish Air Force "Aces"

      Juutilainen Eino
      Wind Hans
      Luukkanen Eino
      Lehtovaara Urho
      Tuominen Oiva
      Puhakka Risto
      Puro Olavi
      Katajainen Nils
      Nissinen Lauri
      Karhila Kyösti
      Karhunen Jorma
      Vesa Emil
      Järvi Turo
      Alakoski Klaus
      Tervo Altto
      Saarinen Jorma
      Kinnunen Eero
      Tani Antti
      Myllylä Urho
      Suhonen Väinä
      Pyötsiä Viktor
      Teromaa Erik
      Pekuri Lauri
      Huotari Jouko
      Turkka Yrjö
      Sarvanto Jorma
      Lumme Aulis
      Riihikallio Eero
      Halonen Eero
      Alho Martti
      Nuorala Aaro
      Lampi Heimo
      Kokko Pekka
      Pallasvuo Yrjö
      Sovelius Per
      Aaltonen Lasse
      Sarjamo Urho
      Paronen Onni
      Koskinen Eino
      Laitinen Ahti
      Ahokas Leo
      Tärränen Iikka
      Nieminen Urho
      Leino Hemmo
      Erkinheimo Niilo
      Kalima Martti
      Metsola Kai
      Peltola Eino
      Lahtela Kullervo
      Karu Veikko
      Pasila Mikko
      Kirjonen Mauno
      Berg Paavo
      Kauppinen Viljo
      Hillo Jaakko
      Mattila Ture
      Savonen Joel
      Inehmo Martti
      Lyly Erik
      Bremer Aulis
      Porvari Valio
      Jutila Lauri
      Trontti Nils
      Virtanen Väinö
      Tomminen Toivo
      Huhanantti Tatu
      Linnanmaa Aarre
      Salminen Pauli
      Virta Kelpo
      Avikainen Onni
      Hattinen Lars
      Durchman Matti
      Nurminen Pentti
      Gerdt Aimo
      Ikonen Sakari
      Magnusson Gustaf
      Kauppinen Osmo
      Lautamäki Lauri
      Fräntila Mauno
      Keskinummi Kosti
      Mellin Paavo
      Rimminen Veikko
      Kiljunen Aaro
      Tilli Pentti
      Ehrnrooth Erkki
      Myllymäki Jouko
      Evinen Veikko
      Lakio Vilppu
      Lindberg Kim
      Massinen Pauli
      Nyman Atte
      Pokela Väinö
      Kajanto Jaakko
      Koskelainen Arvo
      Alapuro Veikko
      Joensuu Antti
      94 1/6 kills(Top Messerschmitt Bf 109 ace with 58 kills)
      75 kills (Top Brewster B-239 ace with 39 kills)
      56 kills
      44 1/2 kills (Top Morane MS 406 ace with 15 kills)
      44 kills (Top Fiat G.50 ace with 23 kills)
      42 kills
      36 kills
      35 1/2 kills
      32 1/3 kills
      32 1/4 kills
      31 1/2 kills
      29 1/2 kills
      28 1/2 kills
      26 kills
      23 1/4 kills (Top Curtiss 75A ace with 15 3/4 kills)
      23 kills
      22 1/2 kills
      21 1/2 kills
      21 kills
      19 1/2 kills
      19 1/2 kills
      19 kills
      18 1/2 kills
      17 1/2 kills
      17 1/12 kills
      16 5/6 kills (Highest scoring ace during Winter War with 12 5/6 kills)
      16 1/2 kills
      16 1/2 kills
      16 kills
      15 kills
      14 1/2 kills
      13 1/2 kills
      13 1/3 kills
      12 5/6 kills
      12 3/4 kills
      12 2/3 kills
      12 1/2 kills
      12 1/2 kills
      12 1/3 kills
      12 kills
      12 kills
      11 1/4 kills
      11 kills
      11 kills
      10 3/4 kills
      10 1/2 kills
      10 1/2 kills
      10 1/2 kills
      10 1/4 kills
      10 kills
      10 kills
      9 3/4 kills
      9 1/2 kills
      9 1/2 kills
      8 kills
      8 kills
      8 kills
      8 kills
      8 kills
      7 1/2 kills
      7 1/2 kills
      7 1/2 kills
      7 kills
      7 kills
      6 1/2 kills
      6 kills
      6 kills
      6 kills
      6 kills
      6 kills
      6 kills
      6 kills
      5 5/6 kills
      5 5/6 kills
      5 3/4 kills
      5 1/2 kills
      5 1/2 kills
      5 1/2 kills
      5 1/2 kills
      5 1/2 kills
      5 1/2 kills
      5 1/3 kills
      5 1/3 kills
      5 1/6 kills
      5 kills
      5 kills
      5 kills
      5 kills
      5 kills
      5 kills
      5 kills
      5 kills
      5 kills
      5 kills
      5 kills
      5 kills
      Finnish Air Force had altogether 96 aces

      Finland's Soviet War Debt

      The demands Russia made on Finland after the war were outrageous - and they had to be paid in eight years. Here are two of the 589 narrow gauge locomotives manufactured by Tampella (of Tampere) and Locomo, bound for the Soviet Union. (What, they want payment and Karelia too?) This payment was just a slap, the real loss was Karelia itself, the price of which would be astronomical, in fact priceless. The Russians may have been given as many as 60 000 saunas. Finland is exploring peaceful solutions to repatriation of Karelia. There would be benefits to both sides.

      Here is a partial list of manufactured goods (US$300,000,000 - actual value was close to US$570,000,0000 - discrepancy due to pricing basis used) sent to the Soviet Union:

Narrow gauge locomotives by Tampella and Locomo
300 ton schooners with 225 hp diesels by Valmet -
800 hp deep sea trollers -
3200 ton freighters -
2000 ton steel barges or tankers -
1000 ton barges -
150 hp river tug boats -
Tampella TS 7 metal lathes -
Paper machinery -
Cardboard machines -
Miscellaneous industrial electric motors -
Modular houses (USD) -
Lumber handling vehicles -
Wire Cable (Tons) -
Miscellaneous e.g.. Cranes by Kone oy
The rich and beautiful province of Karelia
The Karelian Culture
27 431
7 000 000
21 087

The Big Three in Yalta